Hop Growing in New England
Hops originated in the Northern Hemisphere and are believed to have been cultivated back as far as 700AD!
The further north or south you go from the equator the greater the seasonal day length. If you are a flat earth believer I have no way of explaining this to you (and you are not going to listen anyway).
Traditionally, hops were grown in Australia between the latitudes of 35° and 55° south, where the days are longer. Fortunately, some varieties are able to grow well outside that zone.
Armidale’s winter provides a much-needed dormancy period that is sufficient for the hops resting phase. After selecting the stronger growing varieties and consulting the homebrewers and gardeners of the area, we now have robust bines growing of varieties needed for our signature IPA.
We use the female flower cones as they contain the greatest lupin. Male plants are culled from the hop yard.
BUILDING AN INTERNAL CALANDRIA
Our Brew house was made in the USA in 1996. It spent the first 20 years of its life in a small brewery in Japan. The Japanese had apparently done a limited amount of the brews using the equipment due to the inefficiency of direct steam injection.
What is direct stream injection? It uses a steam rod to spray steam directly into the wort (sugary liquid extracted from the grain).
My analogy of this is watching milk being heated for your cappuccino.
• While this works well for a small amount of milk it is not a good idea for over 1500L of fluid.
• The exchange of heat is limited to the end of the rod only.
So……. We had a problem. Heating the wort was going to take about 4 hours……. Not a good idea if you were going to do more than one brew in a day.
Fortunately, there was a brewery in the USA who had already remodeled their system and had shared how to do so on the web. We at Great Hops are forever grateful. Below is the following link: